Women tech jobs technology work togetherJacob Lund / Shutterstock.com

This story originally appeared on SmartAsset.com.

According to the U.S. Department of Labor Statistics (BLS), computer and information technology jobs are expected to grow 11% from 2019 to 2029, creating 531,200 new jobs in cloud computing, large-scale data storage and collection, and information security . The median annual wage for these jobs was $ 88,240 as of May 2019, which is $ 48,430 above the median annual wage for all occupations.

While tech jobs continue to outperform other professions nationwide, women still face gender discrimination in the workplace. According to the BLS, full-time employees in all professions earned $ 202 less per week than their male counterparts in the third quarter of 2020. Not only does this make career advancement difficult for women, but it also affects their ability to make careers. Save for retirement and cover many everyday expenses such as food and housing. However, the employment landscape continues to change. With that in mind, SmartAsset analyzed data to identify the best cities for female technicians.

We compared 63 cities in the United States for which full data were available and ranked them on the following criteria: tech pay gap, post-placement income, women as a percentage of tech workers, and three-year tech jobs growth. Details of our data sources and how we put all the information together to create our final rankings can be found in the Data and Methodology section at the end.

This is SmartAsset's seventh annual study of the Best Cities for Women in Technology. Check out the 2020 version here.

1. Arlington, VA

Arlington, VirginiaSean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Arlington, Virginia is a suburb of Washington, DC and women make up 33.5% of their technical workforce. This is the sixth largest fraction on our list. Female technicians in Arlington also have the eighth largest income after placement at $ 64,620. Women in this city face the twelfth lowest wage gap in technology, making 91 cents for every dollar men make.

2. Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C.f11photo / Shutterstock.com

Located just across the Potomac River in Arlington, the country's capital has a technology industry that is 38.9% female workers. This is the second largest percentage for this metric in our study. Washington DC women earn 90 cents for every dollar their male employees make, the 16th lowest wage gap overall. In addition, they have the twelfth highest income and earn $ 61,083 after placement.

3. Baltimore, MD

Baltimore, MarylandSean-Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Women in technology in Baltimore, Maryland face the second smallest wage gap in the study, earning close to their male counterparts – 99 cents for every dollar men make. The Baltimore tech workforce is 29.9% women, the 10th largest overall, and they have the ninth highest income – $ 63,203 after housing expenses. Note, however, that the tech industry only grew 15% over the three-year period from 2016 to 2019, and Baltimore is in the bottom half of the study for this metric.

4. Durham, NC

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Durham, North Carolina is home to Duke University and part of the famous Research Triangle. Tech women in Durham make 91 cents for every dollar their male employees make, the 11th smallest pay gap in our study. The Durham Tech industry grew 30% over the three-year period from 2016 to 2019. This is the twelfth largest overall increase for this metric. Women make up 28.6% of the city's technical workforce, the 14th largest in the study.

5. Chesapeake, VA

Chesapeake, VirginiaJoMo333 / Shutterstock.com

Chesapeake is in southern Virginia. Women make up 37.4% of the technical workforce – the fourth largest proportion in our study. Women in this town make 91 cents for every dollar their male counterparts receive and have an income of $ 54,371 after housing. The Chesapeake tech industry grew 23% over the past three years from 2016 to 2019.

6. Aurora, CO

Aurora ColoradoArina P Habich / Shutterstock.com

Tech women in Aurora, Colorado earn 97 cents for every dollar men make, the third smallest wage gap in our study. The tech industry in Aurora grew 25% in the three years from 2016 to 2019. This is the 21st largest increase on our list. And female technicians in this city earn $ 57,853 after housing, the 19th highest income in any of the 63 cities studied.

7. Houston, TX

Houston, Texas skylineSilvio Ligutti / Shutterstock.com

Women who work as technicians in Houston, Texas make 94 cents for every dollar their male employees make. This is the sixth smallest pay gap in our study. The city's tech workforce is 27.2% women and saw employment growth of 17% from 2016 to 2019. Female tech workers in Houston have an income of $ 61,016 after placement, the 13th highest overall.

8. Cincinnati, OH

Cincinnati Anne Kitzman / Shutterstock.com

Cincinnati, Ohio has the fourth smallest gender pay gap in technology – our study shows that women there make 95 cents for every dollar men receive. Women in Queen City make up 30.7% of the technical workforce, the seventh largest overall for this metric. Her post-placement income is in the lower half of the study at $ 48,886. The industry itself recorded employment growth of 21% in the three-year period from 2016 to 2019.

9. Albuquerque, NM

Albuquerque, New MexicoBrigitteT / Shutterstock.com

Tech women in Albuquerque, New Mexico make roughly 95 cents for every dollar their male employees make, the fifth smallest gender pay gap in our study. While women make up 30.6% of the city's tech workforce, the eighth largest in the study, Albuquerque's tech industry has grown relatively slowly. From 2016 to 2019 the growth was only 13%.

10. Jacksonville, FL

Jacksonville, FloridaSean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Women in Jacksonville, Florida make up 29.4% of the technical workforce, the eleventh largest in our study. For every dollar tech men make there, tech women make 93 cents – the ninth smallest gender pay gap overall. However, Jacksonville ends up in the lower half of this study with less tech industry growth of 17% from 2016 to 2019.

11. Long Beach, CA.

Long Beach, CaliforniaIdealphotographer / Shutterstock.com

Long Beach, California is the only city in the entire study where women in tech make more money than men. They reversed the gender pay gap by making $ 1.01 for every dollar men make. The tech industry in this California city has seen steady growth for three years, ranking 14th out of 63 from 2016 to 2019, up 27%. Long Beach women make up 25.4% of the city's tech workforce and have an income of $ 55,640 after placement.

12. Sacramento, CA.

Sacramento, CaliforniaAndrew Zarivny / Shutterstock.com

Sacramento, California may not be an obvious destination for technicians, but women make up 37.8% of technicians, the third largest percentage in our study. Even so, equal pay isn't that high, as women in the industry only make 88 cents for every dollar men make there. The number of technical staff in Sacramento increased 32% in the three years from 2016 to 2019. This is the ninth highest increase in all 63 cities studied. Female technical workers in the city have an income of $ 46,289 after placement.

13. Philadelphia, PA

Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniaf11photo / Shutterstock.com

Women in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania make up 28.5% of the city's technical workforce. This is the 15th largest proportion of this metric in the study. Their post-placement income is $ 52,530, and they have the 13th smallest wage gap overall, making 91 cents for every dollar their male tech peers make. The city's tech workforce saw a 23% increase over the three-year period from 2016 to 2019, placing it in the middle of the study for this metric.

14. Chandler, AZ

Chandler, ArizonaMark Skalny / Shutterstock.com

While women in Chandler, Arizona make up 28.1% of the city's tech workforce – the 18th largest in the study – they rank in the middle of the study for the city's gender pay gap, earning 85 cents for every dollar that men deserve. Chandler's tech industry grew 23% from 2016 to 2019. Women in tech in the city have an income of $ 60,269 after placement.

15. Atlanta, GA

Atlanta, GeorgiaSean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Atlanta, Georgia rounded out last place in our top 15. Tech employment rose 33% over the three-year period from 2016 to 2019, the eighth fastest in our study. Women at Atlanta Tech make 88 cents for every dollar men make, placing them in the top third of the study for this metric. Atlanta women make up 27.1% of the technical workforce and have an income of $ 52,594 after placement.

Data and methodology

Software developer who works from homeRoman Samborskyi / Shutterstock.com

To find the best cities for women in tech, SmartAsset examined data for cities with at least 200,000 residents in 2019, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. We removed cities from our dataset that did not have statistically reliable data (i.e. the margin of error for the average income of women who work in tech, or the number of women who work in tech, was greater than 20 %). These two constraints left us with 63 cities, which we compared using the following four metrics:

  • Gender pay differentials in the technology industry. This is the average earnings of women who work in technology as a percentage of the average earnings of men who work in technology. The data comes from the Census Bureau's 5-year 2019 survey of the American community.
  • Result after placement. This is the median earnings for women working in the technical field after the median housing costs are subtracted. Income data comes from the Census Bureau's 2019 5-year American community survey. Housing cost data comes from the Census Bureau's 2019 annual American community survey.
  • Women as a percentage of the technical workforce. This is the percentage of all technical jobs held by women. The data comes from the Census Bureau's 5-year 2019 survey of the American community.
  • Three-year growth in technical employment. This is the percentage change in tech jobs from 2016 to 2019. The data comes from the 5-year surveys of the American community of the Census Bureau for 2016 and 2019.

First, we ranked each city on each metric. We then found the average ranking by giving double weight to the first three metrics and a single weight to the metric that measures employment growth. We ranked the cities based on this average and gave the upper city an index value of 100 and the lower city an index value of 0.

Disclosure: The information you read here is always objective. However, sometimes we get compensation for clicking links in our stories.

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