Black scientistmetamorworks / Shutterstock.com

This story originally appeared on SmartAsset.com.

Over the past 30 years, employment in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) has increased nearly 80%, according to a recent figure from the Pew Research Center. However, there are still significant differences in representation between the sexes, and especially between the races: Although blacks and Hispanics combined made up more than a quarter (27%) of the U.S. workforce in 2016, Pew says they only account for 16% of the Make up the STEM workforce.

However, where people live can be a factor in gaining access to companies that value a more diverse group of employees. That's why SmartAsset decided to find out which cities are performing better than others in diversifying their STEM workforce. This is SmartAsset's fifth study of the best cities for diversity in STEM. Read the 2019 version here.

To find the best cities for diversity in STEM, SmartAsset analyzed data for the 35 cities in the country with the largest STEM employees. In particular, we measured using the following metrics:

  • Racial diversity index. We calculated this based on a city's racial diversity among the major US Census groups using the Shannon Index. Cities with a more evenly distributed workforce across racial groups received better scores.
  • Gender Diversity Index. This measures the number of women in the workforce compared to men. The city with the highest percentage of women in STEM professions received a score of 100 and the city with the lowest percentage received a zero.

We averaged these two indices to create our final score, which we used to rank the cities.

The data for both metrics comes from the Census Bureau's 2019 annual American community survey.

Below are the best cities for diversity in STEM jobs.

1. Oakland, CA.

Oakland, CaliforniaEddieHernandezPhotography / Shutterstock.com

Oakland, California ranks first in our study. Although nearly 63% of the STEM workforce is male, the city ranks second on our index of gender diversity for STEM workers, just behind Washington, D.C.

In terms of racial structure, the Oakland Race / Ethnicity Index is the seventh highest in the study. Black workers make up just over 8% of the STEM workforce, Asian workers make up about 22%, and Hispanic or Latin American workers make up more than 10%. White workers make up more than 52% of STEM workers.

2. Boston, MA

Boston, MassachusettsESB Professional / Shutterstock.com

Boston, Massachusetts has the third best index of gender diversity in all 35 cities: nearly 64% of STEM workers are men and just over 36% are women.

In terms of race / ethnicity, white workers make up approximately 59% of all STEM workers, black workers make up almost 7%, Asian workers make up almost 18%, and Hispanic workers make up about 13%.

3. Philadelphia, PA

Philadelphia, downtown evening rush hour.Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania has a total of 38,000 STEM employees, two-thirds of whom are male and one-third are female.

White workers make up about 57% (about 21,800), black workers make up just over 15% (about 5,700), Asian workers make up almost 17% (about 6,400), and Hispanic or Latin American workers make up almost 9% (about 5,700 ). about 3,400).

4. Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C.f11photo / Shutterstock.com

In Washington, D.C., the total number of STEM employees is approximately 49,100. The approximately 18,600 women in these professions make up almost 38% of this total, and the more than 30,400 men make up around 62%. Despite this inequality, Washington is the best country for gender diversity in our study.

In terms of race, Hispanic or Latin American workers make up nearly 10% of the STEM workers, Asian workers less than 5%, and black workers more than 24% (this is the highest percentage for this population in the study). The remaining 57% of the MINT employees are white.

5. New York, NY

New York coastIM_photo / Shutterstock.com

New York, New York has the highest number of STEM workers in any 35 cities at nearly 215,700. The total number includes almost 68,700 women (approx. 32%) and more than 147,000 men (68%).

New York City ranks second in our study for racial / ethnic diversity. About 108,800 STEM workers in New York City, or approximately 50%, are white. Almost 14% are black, around 29,500. More than 22% are Asians, almost 48,400. The number of Hispanic and Latin American workers in this field is approximately 12%, at approximately 26,300.

6. Chicago, IL

Chicago, Illinoisf11photo / Shutterstock.com

There are approximately 95,100 STEM employees in Chicago, Illinois. Of these, around 68% are men and around 32% women.

More than 57% of the MINT workers in Chicago are white, about 11% are black, nearly 16% are Asian, and nearly 15% are Hispanic or Latin American.

7. Houston, TX

Houston, TexasSean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

The total number of STEM employees in Houston, Texas exceeds 79,500. Almost 70% of all MINT employees are men and more than 30% women.

Houston has the third best race / ethnicity index in the study: more than 19% of MINT workers are Hispanic or Latino, nearly 20% are Asians, and more than 8% are black.

8. Los Angeles, CA.

los AngelesESB Professional / Shutterstock.com

Nearly 98,600 STEM employees work in Los Angeles, California. More than 68,750 of them (around 70%) are men and around 29,800 (only 30%) are women.

Los Angeles has the fourth best race / ethnicity index in the study. Almost 26% of all MINT employees are Asians, almost 19% are Hispanic or Latino, and more than 4% are black. About 48% are white (this is the lowest percentage for this population in the top 10).

9. Dallas, TX

Dallas, TexasSean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Although nearly 72% of the STEM workers in Dallas, Texas are men, the city ranks best overall for a race / ethnicity rating.

Black workers make up nearly 18% of the STEM workforce, Asian workers make up more than 16%, Hispanic or Latin American workers almost 14%, and white workers just under 50%.

10. Fort Worth, TX

Fort Worth, TexasDean Fikar / Shutterstock.com

Of the total of approximately 25,700 STEM workers in Fort Worth, Texas, approximately 17,600 are men (just over 68%) and approximately 8,100 are women (approximately 32%).

Regarding race, less than 5% of workers are Asian, about 12% are black, and about 22% are Hispanic or Latino. Almost 53% are white.

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